Panorama de la movilidad humana debido a desastres naturales en el mundo

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

desastres naturales, movilidad humana, migración, ayuda humanitaria

Resumen

El presente artículo explora la frecuencia e impacto de los desastres naturales registrados en el mundo en los últimos años, y relaciona su impacto económico y humano en función del grado de desarrollo de los países impactados. En este sentido, se identificó que los desastres naturales se distribuyen totalmente al azar en el mundo, siendo los más comunes las inundaciones y las sequías, estos fuertemente correlacionados con la situación climática actual, sin embargo, el impacto es mucho más significativo en países subdesarrollados respecto a los desarrollados, desde el punto de vista de las pérdidas humanas debido a la vulnerabilidad de la población en los países del tercer mundo, con importantes porcentajes de su población asentadas en zonas de riesgos y sin posibilidad de reasentarse en otros lugares como medida preventiva, mientras que en los países desarrollados, la infraestructura existente, multiplica el costo de los daños materiales. Desde el punto de vista de la movilidad humana, se puede hablar ya de migrantes climáticos, debido a las prolongadas sequías y lo frecuente de las inundaciones, las comunidades impactadas por estos fenómenos se trasladan en grandes grupos a centros urbanos dentro o fuera de las fronteras de sus lugares de origen,, creando reasentamientos humanos generalmente en zonas de riesgo frente a desastres naturales y se encuentran otra vez en condiciones de vulnerabilidad; también el hecho de que los movimientos sean masivos, , provoca que no haya una integración cultural apropiada y se generen tensiones con población local, convirtiéndose este en un problema social.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Alharbi, F. F., Alkheraiji, M. A., Aljumah, A. A., Al-Eissa, M., Qasim, S. S., & Alaqeel, M. K. (2021). Domestic Violence Against Married Women During the COVID-19 Quarantine in Saudi Arabia. Cureus, 13(5), 8–19. https://doi.org/10.7759/CUREUS.15231

Anurudran, A., Yared, L., Comrie, C., Harrison, K., & Burke, T. (2020). Domestic violence amid COVID-19. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 150(2), 255–256. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13247

Banerjee, D., & Rai, M. (2020). Social isolation in Covid-19: The impact of loneliness. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(6), 525–527. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020922269

Bitrus, D., Aborode, A., Olaoye, D., Enang, N., Oriyomi, A., & Yunusa, I. (2021). Increased Risk of Death Triggered by Domestic Violence, Hunger, Suicide, Exhausted Health System during COVID-19 Pandemic: Why, How and Solutions. Frontiers in Sociology, 6(2), 121–129. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsoc.2021.648395

Boxall, H., & Morgan, A. (2020). The prevalence of domestic violence among women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Statistical Bulletin no. 28. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Australian Institute of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.52922/sb04718

Castillo-Bustos, M. R., & Yépez-Moreno, A. G. (2018). Reflexiones en torno a la inclusión educativa y las prácticas pedagógicas en la educación superior. Revista Cientí¬fica Retos De La Ciencia, 2(5), 1–15. https://n9.cl/t73tw1

C. Aponte et al., “Satisfacción conyugal y riesgo de violencia en parejas durante la cuarentena por la pandemia del Covid-19 en Bolivia”, 2020.

G. Camacho, “La Violencia de Género contra las Mujeres en el Ecuador. Análisis de los resultados de la Encuesta Nacional sobre Relaciones Familiares y Violencia de Género contra las Mujeres”, Quito: Consejo Nacional para la Igualdad de Género, 2014.

Croda, E., & Grossbard, S. (2021). Women pay the price of COVID-19 more than men. Review of Economics of the Household, 19(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-021-09549-8

Espinosa, M. (2020). Enemigo silente durante la pandemia COVID-19 en Colombia: “La violencia contra la mujer”. Salutem Scientia Spiritus, 6(1), 181–186. https://revistas.javerianacali.edu.co/index.php/salutemscientiaspiritus/article/view/2368/2885

Gama, A., Pedro, A. R., de Carvalho, M. J. L., Guerreiro, A. E., Duarte, V., Quintas, J., Matias, A., Keygnaert, I., & Dias, S. (2020). Domestic Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Portugal. Portuguese Journal of Public Health, 38(1), 32–40. https://doi.org/10.1159/000514341

Gavin, S. M., & Kruis, N. E. (2021). The Influence of Media Violence on Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration: An Examination of Inmates’ Domestic Violence Convictions and Self-Reported Perpetration. Gender Issues, 2(1), 45–52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-021-09284-5

Gebrewahd, G. T., Gebremeskel, G. G., & Tadesse, D. B. (2020). Intimate partner violence against reproductive age women during COVID-19 pandemic in northern Ethiopia 2020: a community-based cross-sectional study. Reproductive Health, 17(1), 152–158. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-01002-w

Ghosh, R., Dubey, M. J., Chatterjee, S., & Dubey, S. (2020). Impact of COVID -19 on children: special focus on the psychosocial aspect. Minerva Pediatrica, 72(3), 226–235. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9

Hamadani, J. D., Hasan, M. I., Baldi, A. J., Hossain, S. J., Shiraji, S., Bhuiyan, M. S. A., Mehrin, Grantham-McGregor, S., Biggs, B.-A., Braat, S., & Pasricha, S.-R. (2020). Immediate impact of stay-at-home orders to control COVID-19 transmission on socioeconomic conditions, food insecurity, mental health, and intimate partner violence in Bangladeshi women and their families: an interrupted time series. The Lancet Global Health, 8(11), e1380–e1389. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30366-1

Haselschwerdt, M. L., Carlson, C. E., & Hlavaty, K. (2021). The Romantic Relationship Experiences of Young Adult Women Exposed to Domestic Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(7–8), 3065–3092. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518771679

Javed, S., & Kumar Chattu, V. (2020). Patriarchy at the helm of gender-based violence during COVID-19. AIMS Public Health, 8(1), 32–35. https://doi.org/10.3934/PUBLICHEALTH.2021003

Khanlou, N., Vazquez, L. M., Pashang, S., Connolly, J. A., Ahmad, F., & Ssawe, A. (2021). 2020 Syndemic: Convergence of COVID-19, Gender-Based Violence, and Racism Pandemics. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 5(2), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-021-01146-w

Kovler, M. L., Ziegfeld, S., Ryan, L. M., Goldstein, M. A., Gardner, R., Garcia, A. V., & Nasr, I. W. (2021). Increased proportion of physical child abuse injuries at a level I pediatric trauma center during the Covid-19 pandemic. Child Abuse & Neglect, 116(2), 104–107. https://doi.or/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104756

Kumar, N., Janmohamed, K., Nyhan, K., Forastiere, L., Zhang, W. H., Kågesten, A., Uhlich, M., Sarpong Frimpong, A., Van De Velde, S., Francis, J. M., Erausquin, J. T., Larrson, E., Callander, D., Scott, J., Minichiello, V., & Tucker, J. (2021). Sexual health (excluding reproductive health, intimate partner violence and gender-based violence) and COVID-19: a scoping review. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 97(6), 402–410. https://doi.org/10.1136/SEXTRANS-2020-054896

Lasong, J., Zhang, Y., Muyayalo, K. P., Njiri, O. A., Gebremedhin, S. A., Abaidoo, C. S., Liu, C. Y., Zhang, H., & Zhao, K. (2020). Domestic violence among married women of reproductive age in Zimbabwe: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 354–355. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8447-9

Lawson, M., Piel, M. H., & Simon, M. (2020). Child Maltreatment during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Consequences of Parental Job Loss on Psychological and Physical Abuse Towards Children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 110(5), 104709. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHIABU.2020.104709

López, E., & Rubio, D. (2020). Reflexiones sobre la violencia intrafamiliar y violencia de género durante la emergencia por Covid 19. CienciAmérica, 9(2), 8–18. https://n9.cl/pyar2

Mayor, S., & Salazar, C. (2019). La violencia intrafamiliar. Un problema de salud actual. Gac Méd Espirit, 21(1), 23–28. https://n9.cl/q5tji

Mittal, S., & Singh, T. (2020). Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mini-Review. Frontiers in Global Women’s Health, 1, 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/FGWH.2020.00004

Montero-Medina, D., Bolívar-Guayacundo, M., Aguirre-Encalada, L., & Moreno-Estupiñán, A. (2020). Violencia intrafamiliar en el marco de la emergencia sanitaria por el COVID-19. CienciAmérica: Revista de Divulgación Científica de La Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, ISSN-e 1390-9592, Vol. 9, No. Extra 2, 2020 (Ejemplar Dedicado a: ESPECIAL “Desafíos Humanos Ante El COVID-19”), Págs. 261-267, 9(2), 261–267. https://doi.org/10.33210/ca.v9i2.316

Muldoon, K. A., Denize, K. M., Talarico, R., Fell, D. B., Sobiesiak, A., Heimerl, M., & Sampsel, K. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic and violence: rising risks and decreasing urgent care-seeking for sexual assault and domestic violence survivors. BMC Medicine, 19(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-01897-z

Neil, J. (2020). Domestic violence and COVID-19: Our hidden epidemic. Australian Journal of General Practice, 49(5), 2–9. https://doi.org/10.31128/AJGP-COVID-25

Olding, J., Zisman, S., Olding, C., & Fan, K. (2021). Penetrating trauma during a global pandemic: Changing patterns in interpersonal violence, self-harm and domestic violence in the Covid-19 outbreak. The Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland, 19(1), e9–e13. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SURGE.2020.07.004

Pereda, N., & Díaz-Faes, D. A. (2020). Family violence against children in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic: a review of current perspectives and risk factors. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 14(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-020-00347-1

Pessoa, B. G. F., & Nascimento, E. F. d. (2020). Apresentação do dossiê “Feminicídio em tempos de Covid-19”. Revista Espaço Acadêmico, 20(224)

Platt, V. B., Guedert, J. M., & Coelho, E. B. S. (2021). Violence against children and adolescents: notification and alert in times of pandemic. Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 39(2), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2021/39/2020267

Rai, A. (2021). Indirect experiences with domestic violence and help‐seeking preferences among south asian immigrants in the United States. Journal of Community Psychology, 49(6), 1983–2002. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22492

Ramaswamy, S., & Seshadri, S. (2020). Children on the brink: Risks for child protection, sexual abuse, and related mental health problems in

the COVID-19 pandemic. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(9), 404–410. https://doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_1032_20

Rebbe, R., Lyons, V. H., Webster, D., & Putnam-Hornstein, E. (2021). Domestic Violence Alleged in California Child Maltreatment Reports During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Family Violence, 5(2), 45–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-021-00344-8

Rengasamy, E. R., Long, S. A., Rees, S. C., Davies, S., Hildebrandt, T., & Payne, E. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 lockdown: Domestic and child abuse in Bridgend. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2(1), 105–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105386

Rodríguez, M., & et al. (2018). Violencia intrafamiliar en el adulto mayor Intrafamily violence in the elderly. Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey, 22(2), 204–213. http://revistaamc.sld.cu/

Sacco, M. A., Caputo, F., Ricci, P., Sicilia, F., De Aloe, L., Filippo Bonetta, C., Cordasco, F., Scalise, C., Cacciatore, G., Zibetti, A., Gratteri, S., & Aquila, I. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on domestic violence: The dark side of home isolation during quarantine. Medico-Legal Journal, 88(2), 71–73. https://doi.org/10.1177/0025817220930553

Saleem, G. T., Fitzpatrick, J. M., Haider, M. N., & Valera, E. M. (2021). COVID-19-induced surge in the severity of gender-based violence might increase the risk for acquired brain injuries. SAGE Open Medicine, 9(2), 20–25. https://doi.org/10.1177/20503121211050197

Sánchez, O. R., Vale, D. B., Rodrigues, L., & Surita, F. G. (2020). Violence against women during the COVID‐19 pandemic: An integrative review. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 151(2), 180–187. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13365

Sediri, S., Zgueb, Y., Ouanes, S., Ouali, U., Bourgou, S., Jomli, R., & Nacef, F. (2020). Women’s mental health: acute impact of COVID-19 pandemic on domestic violence. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 23(6), 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/S00737-020-01082-4

Sharma, P., & Khokhar, A. (2020). Domestic Violence and Coping Strategies Among Married Adults During Lockdown Due to Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic in India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1. https://doi.org/10.1017/DMP.2021.59

Sserwanja, Q., Kawuki, J., & Kim, J. H. (2021). Increased child abuse in Uganda amidst COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 57(2), 188–191. https://doi.org/10.1111/JPC.15289

Telles, L. E. d. B., Valença, A. M., Barros, A. J. S., & da Silva, A. G. (2021). Domestic violence in the COVID-19 pandemic: a forensic psychiatric perspective. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil: 1999), 43(3), 233–234. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2020-1060

Tierolf, B., Geurts, E., & Steketee, M. (2021). Domestic violence in families in the Netherlands during the coronavirus crisis: A mixed method study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 116(1), 104800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104800

Usher, K., Bradbury Jones, C., Bhullar, N., Durkin, DJ, Gyamfi, N., Fatema, SR y Jackson, D. (2021). COVID-19 y violencia familiar: ¿Es esto una tormenta perfecta?. Revista internacional de enfermería de salud mental , 30 (4), 1022–1032. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12876

Usher, K., Bhullar, N., Durkin, J., Gyamfi, N., & Jackson, D. (2020). Family violence and COVID‐19: Increased vulnerability and reduced options for support. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 29(4), 549–552. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12735

Van Gelder, N., Peterman, A., Potts, A., O’Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., & Oertelt-Prigione, S. (2020). COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence. EClinicalMedicine, 21(2), 100–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100348

Vera, E., & Chávez, M. (2021). Intrafamily violence and COVID-19 confinement in 14 housing sets “Casa para todos” of Manabí, year 2020. Revista Científica y Arbitrada de Ciencias Sociales y Trabajo Social: Tejedora, 4(7), 25–29. https://n9.cl/76yv1

Villalba, C. G. Z. (2021). Revisión sistemática: Violencia intrafamiliar en tiempos de confinamiento por COVID 19. Perspectivas Metodológicas, 21(3), 14–14. https://doi.org/10.18294/PM.2021.3605

Vives-Cases, C., La Parra-Casado, D., Briones-Vozmediano, E., March, S., María García-Navas, A., Carrasco, J. M., Otero-García, L., & Sanz-Barbero, B. (2021). Coping with intimate partner violence and the COVID-19 lockdown: The perspectives of service professionals in Spain. PloS One, 16(10), e0258865. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0258865

Walsh, A. R., Sullivan, S., & Stephenson, R. (2021). Intimate Partner Violence Experiences During COVID-19 Among Male Couples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5(2), 88–96. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211005135

Warburton, E., & Raniolo, G. (2020). Domestic Abuse during COVID-19: What about the boys? Psychiatry Research, 291(2), 113–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113155

Xue, J., Chen, J., Chen, C., Hu, R., & Zhu, T. (2020). The Hidden Pandemic of Family Violence During COVID-19: Unsupervised Learning of Tweets. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(11), e24361. https://doi.org/10.2196/24361

Publicado

2022-07-01

Cómo citar

Morales Castillo, G. P. (2022). Panorama de la movilidad humana debido a desastres naturales en el mundo. Revista Cientí­fica Retos De La Ciencia, 6(13), 102–115. Recuperado a partir de https://www.retosdelacienciaec.com/Revistas/index.php/retos/article/view/426